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What are STIs and BBVs?

STIs and BBVs are infections that can affect everyone. Some are cured by themselves, some need medicine to be cured and some will stay with a person for the rest of their life.

STIs are passed on through unprotected vaginal, anal and oral sex with someone who has an STI.

STIs are usually passed on through:

  • Semen
  • Anal fluids
  • Vaginal fluids
  • Genital skin contact

STIs include:

  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhoea
  • Syphilis
  • Genital warts
  • Genital herpes

BBVs are viruses that are passed on through blood-to-blood contact, including sharing or reusing needles and other injecting, tattooing and piercing equipment.

They include:

  • HIV
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C

HIV and hepatitis B can also be passed on through unprotected sex.