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Reducing your risk of STIs and BBVs

While testing is an important part of managing STIs and BBVs, here are some other methods you can use to reduce your risk:


Talk about sexual health with your partner s so everyone can make informed choices.

Barrier methods

Condoms can prevent STIs, BBVs and unplanned pregnancy. Dams can also prevent STIs during oral sex.

HIV prevention

  • You can protect yourself against HIV by taking pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) every day.
  • Effective HIV treatments are available to prevent people with HIV from passing it on to others through sex (undetectable = untransmissible).
  • If you think you have come into contact with HIV, post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) can help protect you if you take it within three days.


Vaccines are available to protect against hepatitis B and some strains of HPV that can cause genital warts and cervical cancer.

Needle safety

  • Avoid sharing or reusing injecting equipment.
  • You can get sterile needles through a needle and syringe program. Check out
  • Only visit tattoo and piercing places with high safety standards